It’s a skill you hope you never have to use; however, thanks to television and movies, most of us understand about CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation). Simply seeing this performed on TV or in movies does not make someone certified in this technique. It is  important to truly understand the signs of someone in cardiac arrest and how to properly perform CPR. Cardiac arrest can happen at home, work, or out camping in your RV, so knowing the basic steps of CPR can actually save someone’s life.

Check For Breathing

If you see someone collapse or come upon someone who is non-responsive, the first thing to do is check for a pulse and see if that person is breathing. If they are breathing but non-responsive or if you do not know the person and are comfortable performing mouth-to-mouth CPR, then “hands-only” CPR should be started. While conventional mouth-to-mouth CPR can be more beneficial and vital in certain situations, chest compressions are better than no attempt at all and can even be as effective as the conventional method, in some cases.

Call 911 and Begin Chest Compressions

Whether you are at home or at work, begin CPR and have someone else call 911 to report the emergency. If you are alone, dial 911 and start CPR as soon as possible. Whether you are performing hands only or using the conventional method of resuscitation, you will want to position your hands in the middle of the victim’s chest, just under their breast bone, and push hard and fast to the beat of the song “Stayin’ Alive.”

If you are performing conventional CPR with mouth-to-mouth, you will do 30 compressions to every 2 breaths at a speed of 100 compressions per minute. This is hard to compute when pressured in an emergency situation, which is why the American Heart Association recommends using the song “Stayin Alive” to keep your rhythm.

Open Victim’s Airway And Begin Mouth-To-Mouth CPR

Once you have performed 30 chest compressions with conventional CPR, ensure the victim’s airway is open by using the head-tilt, chin-lift method. This is done by placing your palm on the victim’s forehead and gently tilting the head back, while lifting the chin forward. Once the airway is open, pinch the victim’s nostrils shut and cover their mouth with yours. You will give two rescue breaths that last one second and are powerful enough to see the victim’s chest rise.

Once you’ve completed the two rescue breaths, resume with the 30 chest compressions. If there are other people around, you can split the duties and have one person perform chest compressions and the other provide rescue breaths between compressions, switching positions every five cycles of CPR.

These CPR steps should be performed on adults. For more information about performing this technique on a child or infant, visit the website of Mayo Clinic or the American Heart Association. Learning these life-saving steps takes just a few minutes. Performing them can provide your loved one, or even a stranger, with valuable resources that will increase their chance of survival. Whether you are at home, work or at some special event such as a weekend football game, emergencies happen. Being equipped with CPR skills can be an invaluable tool in such a situation.

All of the associates at Jones & Associates Insurance encourage you to seek CPR training and be prepared in case of an emergency!

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